3 edition of On the physiology of the pallial sinuses of the Brachiopoda found in the catalog.
On the physiology of the pallial sinuses of the Brachiopoda
John Denis Macdonald
|Statement||by John D. Macdonald ; communicated by George Busk ; read April 18, 1861.|
|Series||Landmarks of science II|
|Contributions||Busk, George, 1807-1886.|
|LC Classifications||Q111 .H35, QL395.9 .H35|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||p. 373-375,  leaf of plates|
|Number of Pages||375|
Macoma nasuta has a long hinge ligament, no lateral teeth on its hinge plate, is less than twice as long as high, and the posterior end of both valves is bent to the right (photo). The pallial sinuses are large, extend to beneath the anterior adductor muscle scars, and are very close to the pallial . The maxillary sinuses are the largest of the all the paranasal sinuses. They have thin walls which are often penetrated by the long roots of the posterior maxillary superior border of this sinus is the bony orbit, the inferior is the maxillary alveolar bone and corresponding tooth roots, the medial border is made up of the nasal cavity and the lateral and anterior border are limited.
Mollusca - Bivalvia (clams, oysters): valves hinged on dorsal margin, no radula or odontophore, thin dark periostractum on outer surface, hinge ligament on end, adductor scars on both sides and attach to pallial line (dip in is the Pallials sinus), nacre (mother of pearl) inner surface secreted by outer surface of the mantle, the jumbo are concentric lines laid down jumbo is the oldest part. Shell ovate with fine concentric striae; keel between the umbo and the posterior margin absent; colour pattern variable; outer shell pale bluish grey or greyish blue with greyish concentric bands and brown rays or patches; ventral margin with slight indentation at posterior end; pallial sinus moderately deep; two primary teeth; ligament external, short and inserted at the posterior impression.
Generally, the exterior color is a light tan or brown with a dark brown lunule. There may be radial or comarginal brown stripes, or brown mottling. The interior color is white and there may be purple coloration around the margin. The purple is stronger on the posterior margin, under the ligament and in the pallial sinus. The mollusc (or mollusk) shell is typically a calcareous exoskeleton which encloses, supports and protects the soft parts of an animal in the phylum Mollusca, which includes snails, clams, tusk shells, and several other all shelled molluscs live in the sea; many live on the land and in freshwater. The ancestral mollusc is thought to have had a shell, but this has subsequently been.
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Note: Citations are based on reference standards. However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study. The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied. Meaning of Brachiopoda: The Brachiopoda or “lamp-shells” are coelomate Bilateria that are enclosed in a bilaterally symmetrical bivalve shell attached directly or by way of stalk (peduncle) and composed of dorsal and ventral valves lined by a mantle lobe of the body wall and that are provided with a lophophore, an open circulatory system with a dorsal contractile vesicle and one or two.
This section is from the book "Forms Of Animal Life", by George Rolleston, W. Hatchett Jackson. Also available from Amazon: Forms of Animal Life.
Class Brachiopoda. Part 4. A circumpallial sinus uniting the terminations of the pallial sinuses is figured by Joubin in Discina; and is said by Hancock, but with some doubt, to exist in Waldheimia.
Of, pertaining to, or produced by a mantle, especially the mantle of mollusks. the pallial line, or impression, which marks the attachment of the mantle on the inner surface of a bivalve shell May 8, Stanley R. Hart & Jerzy Blusztajn, “Clams As Recorders of Ocean Ridge Volcanism and Hydrothermal Vent Field Activity”, in Science, volume.
Pallial sinus; 6: Ventral pallial scar; 7: Anterior pallial image and 8: Scar of posterior retractor muscle of the foot.
(B) Illustration of E. arcuatus esh, in mature stage. Book Chapter Terebratuloid Brachiopoda of the Silurian and Devonian Author(s) Preston E. Cloud, Jr. Where the impressions of the muscles and pallial sinuses are clear and where characters of the brachidial loop are sufficiently stable they are used as supplementary criteria.
For specific characters there remain minor characters in external. pallial sinus. GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS Albino - shell lacking normal pigmentation. lves:regionoppositetothesiphons,consequently,oppositeto the shell sinus.
Beak - same as umbo. Bivalve - molluscs that have, among other features, shell comprised of 2 halves, or valves. of right valve pallial sinuses to left valve pallial sinuses is greatest, by a factor of nearlyin Gresslya abducta.
aa cnfcindd 27/03/ BRACHIOPODA, an important and well-defined but extremely isolated class of invertebrates. and is continued dorsally and ventrally into the sinuses of the mantle (fig.
21). Some of the endothelial cells lining the coelom are ciliated, the cilia keeping the corpusculated fluid contents in movement. Median pallial nerve of dorsal lobe of. The blood thus conveyed by the genital and pallial arteries will escape by the lacunes in the membranes suspending the genitalia, into the plexus in the floor of the great pallial sinuses.
Thence it will find its way into the outer lacu-nary system of the pallial lobes, and into that of the dorsal and ventral walls of the body, as well as into. In living brachiopods, according to Thomson,^' The pallial sinuses take the form of great trunks, entering the mantle-lobes from the coelome, and generally branching repeatedly towards the margins.
The disposition of the sinuses varies considerably in different groups, and it is probable that these characters have at least super family value in. An illustration of an open book. Books. An illustration of two cells of a film strip. Video. An illustration of an audio speaker. Audio. An illustration of a " floppy disk.
Software. An illustration of two photographs. Full text of "An introduction to the study of the genera of Palaeozoic Brachiopoda". Books at Amazon. The Books homepage helps you explore Earth's Biggest Bookstore without ever leaving the comfort of your couch.
Here you'll find current best sellers in books, new releases in books, deals in books, Kindle eBooks, Audible audiobooks, and so much more. laginous base of arm; s, sinus leading to arm; cc, ce'phalic collar or pallial membrane. page 27 the cephalic region of the true worms is discussed, and the intimate relationship between the head of certain worms, such as Sabella and Amphitrite, and that of the Brachiopods, shown.,This can be seen by a glance at the accompanying figures.
Circulatory system, system that transports nutrients, respiratory gases, and metabolic products throughout a living organism, permitting integration among the various tissues. The process of circulation includes the intake of metabolic materials, the conveyance of these materials throughout the organism, and the return of harmful by-products to the environment.
There are four chief sinuses in the body: (a) Anterior peri-visceral sinus. (b) Anterior peri- intestinal sinus. (c) Branchio-renal sinus and (d) Pulmonary sinus. (a) Anterior peri-visceral sinus: It lies above the foot and beneath the floor of the pallial cavity surrounding the anterior part of the alimentary canal.
A Manual of the Mollusca Volume 2; or, a rudimentary treatise of recent and fossil shells. Illustrated by A. Waterhouse and Joseph Wilson Lowry [Woodward, S. P.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. A Manual of the Mollusca Volume 2; or, a rudimentary treatise of recent and fossil shells. Illustrated by A.
Waterhouse and Joseph Wilson LowryAuthor: S. Woodward. This banner text can have markup. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation.
Surface smooth or radially striated. Ligament external, on the area. Umbones central, slightly curved posteriorly.
Hinge arched or semicircular, with a row of numerous, small, strong, transverse teeth. Adductor impression sub-equal - the anterior sub-triangular and the posterior oval or rounded. Pallial line with very small sinus.
- Small pallial sinus and no gaps between them: Indicates short siphons that are fully retractable. - Unornamented and streamlined shell with growth lines: To enable it to easily move through the sediment to form a burrow.
- Ability to completely close valves: Protection from predators and desiccation, so it can live in the littoral zone. •Only about to species of brachiopods are existing today, a small fraction of the perh species (living and extinct) that make up the phylum Brachiopoda.
•It is the Brachiopod valves that are often found fossilized. 7. PALAEOECOLOGY •Brachiopods seems to have a free swimming larval stage and a stagnant benthonic forms.When reaching a link, go to the top of the page to determine the main subject, or Depress Ctrl/F to find it, especially if the browser you are using cannot locate " Bookmarks." As of Google's Safari works best in such searches.
CLICK on desired underlined categories [to .Mantle cavity. The mantle cavity is a central feature of molluscan biology. This cavity is formed by the mantle skirt, a double fold of mantle which encloses a water space. This space contains the mollusc's gills, anus, osphradium, nephridiopores, and gonopores.
The mantle cavity functions as a respiratory chamber in most molluscs. In bivalves it is usually part of the feeding structure.